Is he an opportunist offering aid and comodo esatto would-be tyrants? Do the moral and political goals he outlines sopra the final chapter of The Prince justify the actions he advocates con the preceding chapters? These questions seem destined onesto remain with us as long as Machiavelli’s book continues onesto occupy verso central place in modern political thought.
James Madison, “The Federalist Mai
What we know of the personal character of Niccolo Machiavelli (1469-1527) is at odds with the treachery implied per the adjective derived from his name. Evidence suggests that Machiavelli was an upright man, per good father, and a husband who lived in affectionate harmony with his wife, Marietta Corsini, who bore him six children. Throughout his life, Machiavelli was a zealous republican. He served Florence with uncompromising patriotism as an effective senior administrator and diplomat. But his solo-minded service onesto the republic of Florence ended when the army of the Holy League of Pope ily esatto power as benevolent despots of the city. Mediante the resulting political purge, Machiavelli not only lost his position mediante the city government but, when verso conspiracy against the Medicis was uncovered mediante early 1513 www.datingranking.net/it/flirthookup-review, he also was accused of complicity simply because his name was on a list taken from the conspirators. Thrown into prison and subjected esatto the kind of torture that forced blameless men preciso confess their guilt, Machiavelli nevertheless maintained his innocence and was eventually released.
Reduced sicuro poverty, and with restrictions placed on his movements around the city, Machiavelli sought refuge durante the little property, outside Florence, that he had inherited from his father. There he produced not only The Prince, which he completed between the spring and autumn of 1513, but also verso variety of political commentaries and histories and per number of well-received literary works. After the death of Pope Julius II con 1513, the son of Lorenzo de’Medici (called the Magnificent) became Pope Leo Incognita-one of three popes the Medici family produced. It was Machiavelli’s hope that by dedicating The Prince esatto Lorenzo de’Medici, chant of the most famous of all the Medicis, he would obtain an office that would return him sicuro public life. That hope was sopra vain. Machiavelli died at the age of 58, still exiled from Florence.
I Samuel and I Kings (Old Testament); Matthew 22 (New Testament)These books mediante the Bible deal with the tensions between religious and political loyalties.
Aristotle, PoliticsIn this exploration of the ideal state, Book V, concerning the maintenance of political power, is an especially pertinent antecedent to Machiavelli.
Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan (1651)The author presents a grim vision of human beings per their natural state, which becomes the basis for his argument that per practically omnipotent government is necessary esatto secure per basic level of justice and elementary freedoms.
John Locke, The Second Treatise of Civil Government (1690)Chapter 14 examines the circumstances con which government can act durante violation of the law or mediante the absence of law. Chapter 19 concerns the right of the people puro overthrow a ruler or government when either has abused his power.
10” (sopra The Federalist) (1787-88)This essay addresses the problem of factions that inevitably develop among citizens and the ways of controlling their detrimental effects without infringing on liberty.
Is he best understood as verso seeker of unity and peace, concerned sicuro make his advice practical and effective?
Plato, The StatesmanOne of Plato’s major works of political philosophy, this discussion explores the nature and virtue of a king or statesman.
Machiavelli’s view of the Italy of his day-“leaderless, lawless, crushed, despoiled, torn, overrun” (p. 83)-underwrites the advice he gives sopra The Prince. It also leads him preciso end his treatise with an “Exhortation puro liberate Italy from the barbarians.” Machiavelli calls for “per new prince…sicuro introduce verso new order” (p. 82) that would bring unity and stability puro the often warring city-states of the Italian peninsula. Durante this portion of The Prince and durante some of his other writings, Machiavelli appears more idealistic and friendly toward a form of government that would give citizens per say. Durante his Discourses, Machiavelli portrays the ideal government as verso republic that allows groups with differing opinions to speak openly.